Arbeidshygiƫnische strategie

The occupational health and safety act (Dutch: Arbowet) states that the responsibility for a safe and healthy work environment rests with the employer. The occupational health and safety strategy is a set of safety measures to minimise risks. First one evaluates the source of the problem. If the problem cannot be resolved, than other preventive and protective measures are taken in mitigation to lower the risk.

The occupational health and safety strategy states the following order of prevention:

Source measures – The source of the risks are taken away.

Collective measures – If source measures cannot be taken, the employer needs to take collective measures to lower the risk.

Individual measures – If collective measures cannot be taken or do not lower the risk sufficiently, the employer needs to take risk and site specific measures to lower the risk.

Personal Protection Equipment – If the upper three measures are not effective, the employer needs to provide the employee with free personal protection equipment.

The biggest risks introduced by the tramway are: moving trams and the voltage overhead electrical supply system.

In terms of occupational health and safety strategy, this means:
Source measures – No trams (without permission) through the work area; the electrical system is isolated.

Collective measures – The work activities are shielded from tram and power lines. For example by placing an obstacle (fence) to separate the risk zone and workers.

Individual measures – A lookout keeps watch for approaching rail traffic, and warns other workers in time to stand clear of the danger zone before rail traffic arrives.

Personal Protection Equipment – For working on or near the rail infrastructure, wearing safety shoes and visibility garment is mandatory.